Mae Carol Jemison (born October 17, 1956) is an American engineer, physician and NASA astronaut.
She became the first black woman to travel in space when she served as an astronaut aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. After graduating from medical school and briefly working as a general practitioner, Jemison served in the Peace Corps from 1985 until 1987. In 1987 her application to become an astronaut was accepted by NASA.
In September 1992, she went into space as a mission specialist aboard STS-47. In 1993 she resigned from NASA and founded a company researching the application of technology to daily life.
She has appeared on television several times, including in an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. She holds nine honorary doctorates in science, engineering, letters, and the humanities. She is the principal of the 100 Year Starship organization.