Anthropology as a Holistic Discipline
Anthropology is the study of humankind in cross-cultural and evolutionary perspectives. With one foot in the sciences (both social and biological) and the other in the humanities, anthropology takes a holistic approach and consists of four sub-disciplines: cultural anthropology, archaeology, biological anthropology, and linguistics. Anthropologists emphasize fieldwork as a means to investigate cultural diversity and human biology in our species—past, present, and future.
The Four ‘Fields’ of Anthropology as they are taught at Drew:
Comparative studies of human societies and cultures based on ethnographic fieldwork among contemporary populations
Excavation of remains of past societies and reconstruction of their material culture and society
(formerly physical anthropology): Study of human evolution, evolutionary genetics, primate (including human) behavioral ecology, forensic anthropology (use of skeletal material to aid legal, disaster, and human rights investigations), bioarchaeology (analysis of human remains found in archaeological contexts), and other aspects of human biology and disease.
Comparative study of languages (phonology, phonemics, grammar, lexicon) and understanding of the relationship between language families (historical linguistics)